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United States (new) Strategic Approach to The People's Republic of China

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  • United States (new) Strategic Approach to The People's Republic of China

    Saw this on the LexisNexis news feed today.

    The full text is available at the following URL link, and the introduction section is excerpted into the quoted section further below.

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-conten...rt-5.20.20.pdf

    Introduction

    Since the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) established diplomatic relations in 1979, United States policy toward the PRC was largely premised on a hope that deepening engagement would spur fundamental economic and political opening in the PRC and lead to its emergence as a constructive and responsible global stakeholder, with a more open society. More than 40 years later, it has become evident that this approach underestimated the will of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to constrain the scope of economic and political reform in China. Over the past two decades, reforms have slowed, stalled, or reversed. The PRC’s rapid economic development and increased engagement with the world did not lead to convergence with the citizen-centric, free and open order as the United States had hoped. The CCP has chosen instead to exploit the free and open rules-based order and attempt to reshape the international system in its favor. Beijing openly acknowledges that it seeks to transform the international order to align with CCP interests and ideology. The CCP’s expanding use of economic, political, and military power to compel acquiescence from nation states harms vital American interests and undermines the sovereignty and dignity of countries and individuals around the world.

    To respond to Beijing’s challenge, the Administration has adopted a competitive approach to the PRC, based on a clear-eyed assessment of the CCP’s intentions and actions, a reappraisal of the United States’ many strategic advantages and shortfalls, and a tolerance of greater bilateral friction. Our approach is not premised on determining a particular end state for China. Rather, our goal is to protect United States vital national interests, as articulated in the four pillars of the 2017 National Security Strategy of the United States of America (NSS). We aim to: (1) protect the American people, homeland, and way of life; (2) promote American prosperity; (3) preserve peace through strength; and (4) advance American influence.

    Our competitive approach to the PRC has two objectives: first, to improve the resiliency of our institutions, alliances, and partnerships to prevail against the challenges the PRC presents; and second, to compel Beijing to cease or reduce actions harmful to the United States’ vital, national interests and those of our allies and partners. Even as we compete with the PRC, we welcome cooperation where our interests align. Competition need not lead to confrontation or conflict. The United States has a deep and abiding respect for the Chinese people and enjoys longstanding ties to the country. We do not seek to contain China’s development, nor do we wish to disengage from the Chinese people. The United States expects to engage in fair competition with the PRC, whereby both of our nations, businesses, and individuals can enjoy security and prosperity.

    Prevailing in strategic competition with the PRC requires cooperative engagement with multiple stakeholders, and the Administration is committed to building partnerships toprotect our shared interests and values. Vital partners of this Administration include the Congress, state and local governments, the private sector, civil society, and academia. The Congress has been speaking out through hearings, statements, and reports that shed light on the CCP’s malign behavior. The Congress also provides legal authorities and resources for the United States Government to take the actions to achieve our strategic objectives. The Administration also recognizes the steps allies and partners have taken to develop more clear-eyed and robust approaches toward the PRC, including the European Union’s publication in March 2019 of EU-China: A Strategic Outlook, among others.

    The United States is also building cooperative partnerships and developing positive alternatives with foreign allies, partners, and international organizations to support the shared principles of a free and open order. Specific to the Indo-Pacific region, many of these initiatives are described in documents such as the Department of Defense June 2019 Indo-Pacific Strategy Report and the Department of State November 2019 report on A Free and Open Indo-Pacific: Advancing a Shared Vision. The United States is working in concert with mutually aligned visions and approaches such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nation’s Outlook on the Indo-Pacific, Japan’s free and open Indo-Pacific vision, India’s Security and Growth for All in the Region policy, Australia’s Indo-Pacific concept, the Republic of Korea’s New Southern Policy, and Taiwan’s New Southbound Policy.

    This report does not attempt to detail the comprehensive range of actions and policy initiatives the Administration is carrying out across the globe as part of our strategic competition. Rather, this report focuses on the implementation of the NSS as it applies most directly to the PRC.
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  • #2
    Excellent read and will go down well with friends & allies.

    The question as always is the implementation and China interfering read influencing it.

    The reason China has got away with all mentioned is it has been very profitable to deal with them.

    At what point do the arguments strike a chord over business that could be had and consequently lost ?

    See here for how China influences American political elites into going soft on China.

    If this document has bipartisan support i will remain optimistic that the direction enunciated will be followed.
    Last edited by Double Edge; 21 May 20,, 20:46.

    Comment


    • #3


      Michčle Flournoy discusses the great power competition between the US and China

      video published on YouTube on 02 October 2021
      (not sure when the discussion was recorded)

      Michčle Flournoy discusses how the US withdrawal from Afghanistan impacts the great power competition between the US and China

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      Comment


      • #4
        Gotta say I wanted Flournoy for SEC DEF but glad she is in this Administration.
        “Loyalty to country ALWAYS. Loyalty to government, when it deserves it.”
        Mark Twain

        Comment


        • #5
          Originally posted by Albany Rifles View Post
          Gotta say I wanted Flournoy for SEC DEF but glad she is in this Administration.
          AFAIK, she is not currently working inside in the Biden administration, rather is now managing partner at Westexec Advisors (which she co-founded), and is also chair of the board of directors at CNAS (which she co-founded).

          https://www.westexec.com/michele-flournoy/

          https://www.cnas.org/people/mich%C3%A8le-flournoy
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          • #6
            Beijing laughed in our face today about the "diplomatic boycott". Putin will laugh tomorrow, Iran on Wednesday. Who can take us seriously with so many Americans virtual hostages in A-Stan and a president who won't even act to save his own countrymen let alone allies.

            Comment


            • #7
              Originally posted by JRT View Post

              AFAIK, she is not currently working inside in the Biden administration, rather is now managing partner at Westexec Advisors (which she co-founded), and is also chair of the board of directors at CNAS (which she co-founded).

              https://www.westexec.com/michele-flournoy/

              https://www.cnas.org/people/mich%C3%A8le-flournoy
              I thought I saw she was in the administration....dang. I really like her.
              “Loyalty to country ALWAYS. Loyalty to government, when it deserves it.”
              Mark Twain

              Comment


              • #8
                Originally posted by zraver View Post
                Beijing laughed in our face today about the "diplomatic boycott". Putin will laugh tomorrow, Iran on Wednesday. Who can take us seriously with so many Americans virtual hostages in A-Stan and a president who won't even act to save his own countrymen let alone allies.

                Not acting to get folks out....hardly.

                And there is an entire thread where we have been discussing this you can go look at.


                Every US citizen who wants out of Afghanistan offered departure, State Department says


                But not all of them are out yet, and more could ask for help soon.
                By Conor Finnegan and Libby Cathey
                November 12, 2021, 5:01 AM


                Afghanistan’s collapse explained by Martha Raddatz

                ABC News Chief Global Affairs Correspondent Martha Raddatz explains what role the U...Read More
                Wakil Kohsar/AFP via Getty ImagesThe State Department has arranged a means out of Afghanistan for the last remaining U.S. citizens who are seeking help departing, a senior State Department official told ABC News.

                It is an important milestone for the State Department, nearly three months after President Joe Biden ended the U.S. mission in Afghanistan and the unprecedented, chaotic evacuation operation.

                But the situation on the ground has shifted rapidly and repeatedly, making this "milestone" a moving target.

                Some Americans who requested assistance have not yet departed, and hundreds of others remain in the country who could change their minds and seek a way out, especially because many of those who are staying are doing so only because extended family members who are Afghans have not been able to get out.

                "This mission will continue. These numbers are nothing more than a snapshot on any given day. It's not that we're closing up shop, but we are marking an important milestone," the senior State Department official said.

                Since Aug. 31, 385 U.S. citizens have departed Afghanistan with U.S. government help, per the State Department, but that number didn't include a flight that departed Thursday for Doha, Qatar.


                That number will now grow even more, as the fewer than 80 U.S. citizens still in the country and seeking help will be evacuated in the coming days, according to the senior official. They declined to specify how, but said there will be more chartered flights.

                In total, that means nearly 450 U.S. citizens will have soon departed Afghanistan with U.S. government help -- roughly four times as many as Secretary of State Antony Blinken said remained in the immediate aftermath of Biden's Aug. 31 withdrawal.

                The agency has previously defended that difference by saying the situation on the ground was constantly shifting.

                "The number fluctuates as people change their minds about leaving, or as some U.S. citizens choose to go back, as many have family members in Afghanistan they do not want to leave behind, and we've seen that -- so the number is very fluid," a State Department spokesperson told ABC News Tuesday.


                Some lawmakers and advocacy groups have said the number is even higher, with Sen. Ben Sasse, R-Neb., saying last month the administration "has shamelessly and repeatedly lied about the number of Americans trapped behind Taliban lines."

                The senior State Department official dismissed some of that "bad-faith" criticism as "tinged with politics and partisanship" and repeated the administration's commitment to giving all U.S. citizens who want out of Afghanistan a way out.

                Many Americans who were left behind by the massive evacuation operation in August have also expressed anger and outrage about what they describe as abandonment.

                "How can you leave a U.S. citizen with the background that I have, that can be hunted at any time? How can you leave them there?" said Prince Wafa, a 30-year-old naturalized U.S. citizen born in Afghanistan. After serving with U.S. forces for four years and securing a special immigrant visa, Wafa has been living in San Diego, but returned to Afghanistan this summer to help his wife get out.

                While Wafa was unable to get a seat on an evacuation flight out before troops left, approximately 6,000 American citizens were evacuated, according to the State Department, out of nearly 124,000 people in total.

                The administration still hopes to pick up the pace of flights out of Afghanistan in the coming weeks, especially with help from the Qatari government, which has been arranging chartered Qatari Airways flights. On Friday, Blinken will meet his counterpart, Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, for a strategic dialogue where the issue will be among many discussed, the senior official said.

                For months now, there have been negotiations among the Qatari and Turkish governments, the Taliban's interim government and private firms about reopening Kabul's international airport. But hope for a swift reopening seems to have faded, in particular because of damage to the airport during the August evacuations and concerns over airport security.
                MORE: US launches new program to allow private Americans to sponsor, resettle Afghan refugees
                The senior official declined to say how close the parties may be beyond that they were "not there yet" and the agency was "still working closely with our partners" on that goal.

                But so far, the Taliban itself has not been an issue, according to the senior official.

                "The Taliban have been uneven in some areas, but when it comes to safe passage and allowing those who wish to leave the country to leave, I think they have by and large adhered to that commitment, and I think the milestone we achieved yesterday is a testament to that," the senior State Department official said.

                In a joint statement Thursday, delegations from the U.S., Russia, China and Pakistan said they "welcomed the Taliban's continued commitment to allow for the safe passage of all who wish to travel to and from Afghanistan." The diplomats met with senior Taliban leaders on the sidelines of their summit in Islamabad Thursday, according to their statement.

                While hundreds of Americans and other foreigners have gotten out, there's been intense criticism about the many Afghans left behind and still seeking departure, especially those who worked for the U.S. military or diplomatic missions and whose lives are now at risk.
                MORE: Biden admits historic low number of refugees, outside of Afghan evacuees
                "The U.S. military and diplomatic presence in Afghanistan may have ended in August, but the U.S. government's obligation did not," said Sunil Varghese, policy director of the International Refugee Assistance Project, or IRAP, on an advocacy call on Tuesday. "The Biden administration must provide immediate, realistic pathways to safety for these communities."

                The senior State Department official declined to say how many Afghan partners the administration has helped evacuate. But they said thanks to the work of nongovernmental partners like veterans groups, a couple thousand have been able to fly out on chartered flights, including some on those arranged by the Qatari government where the U.S. has facilitated seats.

                "Even if we reach a point where every American who has raised his or her hand and is ready to leave has departed, our efforts to assist others, that will continue," the senior official added.
                “Loyalty to country ALWAYS. Loyalty to government, when it deserves it.”
                Mark Twain

                Comment


                • #9
                  Here I was hoping that we had finally starved the trolls ..
                  Trust me?
                  I'm an economist!

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Originally posted by DOR View Post
                    Here I was hoping that we had finally starved the trolls ..
                    General Minihan is not dismissive of the subject matter.

                    Click image for larger version  Name:	minihan-memo-china-1.jpg Views:	0 Size:	168.4 KB ID:	1596514
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                    https://www.amc.af.mil/About-Us/Biog.../mike-minihan/
                    "General Mike Minihan is Commander, Air Mobility Command, Scott Air Force Base, Illinois. The command serves as U.S. Transportation Command’s air component, executing the air mobility mission in support of the joint force, allies and partners with a fleet of nearly 1,100 aircraft. The command encompasses Eighteenth Air Force, the U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Center, the 618th Air Operations Center, 17 wings and two groups, which provide rapid global mobility from more than 100 locations worldwide. Nearly 107,000 active-duty, Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve Airmen and civilians comprise the air mobility Total Force, providing command and control of inter-theater and intra-theater airlift, air refueling, aeromedical evacuation, global air mobility support, and presidential and senior leader air transport in support of national interests."
                    Last edited by JRT; 29 Jan 23,, 01:04.
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                    • #11
                      Click image for larger version

Name:	General Ripper.jpg
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ID:	1596525

                      Big Vibes!
                      “Loyalty to country ALWAYS. Loyalty to government, when it deserves it.”
                      Mark Twain

                      Comment


                      • #12



                        So, what's Xi Jinping's “war council” look like?

                        Military Affairs Commission (MAC) Senior Vice Chair General Zhang Youxia (72 years old), former Equipment Development chief, General Armaments chief, Military Region Commander, 13th Group Army commander, and one of a PLA's scant few combat veterans (Sino-Vietnam War). General's son, and Xi Jinping childhood friend.

                        MAC Vice Chair General He Weidong (65), former Eastern Theater, Western Theater, Shanghai Garrison, and Jiangsu Military District commander. Zero combat experience.

                        General Li Shangfu (64), aerospace engineer, Equipment Development chief, and former satellite and rocket director. Zero combat experience.

                        Chief-of-Staff General Liu Zhenli, People's Armed Police chief, 38th Group Army commander, and another rare combat veteran known for being very good on dug-in ground defense.

                        General Zhang Shengmin (65), Party enforcer (Discipline Inspection Commission PLA Secretary), former Rocket Force Political Commissar never known to have commanded anything larger than an earthquake relief team (1,000 men).

                        Army General-turned-Navy Admiral Political Commissar Miao Hua (67), never known to have commanded anything.

                        On a scale of 1-10, how much does this "war council" impress you?

                        Trust me?
                        I'm an economist!

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Originally posted by DOR View Post
                          On a scale of 1-10, how much does this "war council" impress you?
                          Unknown but then again, the Kuwait War set of American Generals have not fought a war in over 15 years. But you don't make General/Admiral by being chicken-shit. The question is not so much are they able to fight a war? The question is are they able to start a war? The answer is they're more than stupid enough to do so.

                          Edit: What I said about stupid

                          https://eurasiantimes.com/chinas-j-2...an-undetected/
                          Last edited by Officer of Engineers; 29 Jan 23,, 19:32.
                          Chimo

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Originally posted by JRT View Post
                            General Minihan is not dismissive of the subject matter.
                            He can issue the guidance without the hyperbole. Just state that combat readiness has to be increased.

                            Chimo

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Originally posted by Officer of Engineers View Post
                              Unknown but then again, the Kuwait War set of American Generals have not fought a war in over 15 years. But you don't make General/Admiral by being chicken-shit. The question is not so much are they able to fight a war? The question is are they able to start a war? The answer is they're more than stupid enough to do so.

                              Edit: What I said about stupid

                              https://eurasiantimes.com/chinas-j-2...an-undetected/
                              PLA Generals don't start wars;
                              CCP leaders do.
                              Trust me?
                              I'm an economist!

                              Comment

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