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Thread: Sweden plans to reintroduce conscription - for men and women

  1. #1
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    05 Sep 06

    Sweden plans to reintroduce conscription - for men and women

    ... due to recruiting problems and a "deteriorating security situation". Sweden dropped conscription only in 2010.

    The 2015 commission inquiry on The manning system of the Military Workforces presents the Official Report

    A robust manning system of the military defence

    The manning system of the armed forces is ultimately intended to man all units with an adequate amount of soldiers and personnel that are trained under conditions that make it possible to meet the demands of the Swedish defence and security policy.

    The commission inquiry has six years after Sweden suspended the conscription system in favour of a recruitment system on voluntary terms scrutinized the planning of the voluntary recruitment and instead used the outcome of previous yearly recruitments when drafting this report. The Armed Forces assessed the need for 4.000 recruits to undergo basic military training per year in order to man all units of the armed forces 2010-2015. During this period it has been possible to engage an average of 2.500 recruits per year.

    At the beginning of 2016 the armed forces were missing about the 800 full serving squad leaders, soldiers and sailors and about 6.600 of the partly serving squad leaders, soldiers and sailors it needs. The availability of professional officers will already in 2020 be less numerous than needed. With current yearly intake of an average of 2.500 recruits to undergo basic military training, the reserve of military personnel will almost cease to exist during the next period (2021-2025).

    When the legislation regarding the conscription system was made inactive in 2010, the Swedish Parliament made it possible for the government to reactivate the legislation if it was necessary due to a deteriorating security situation or if the supply of personnel to the Swedish total defence no longer can be assured by voluntary recruitments. The Parliamentary Defence Committee brought forward that the Committee expects the government and Military forces to plan for a swift reactivation of basic military training and rehearsal training of individuals who has been conscripts or undergone civilian service.

    The report has assessed that present the deteriorating security situation and problems connected to the manning of military forces by volunteers is a motive for the government to decide on the reactivation of enrolment and conscription. Enrolment should be made possible from July 1, 2017 and basic military training with compulsory service from January 1, 2018.

    The military service is gender neutral since 2010. If enrolment and conscription are reactivated, both men and women will have to undergo an entrance assessment made by the Swedish Defence Recruitment Agency. The individuals who is assessed as fit and motivated, is called up for enrolment. The supply of personnel for the military defence system is proposed to maintain the opportunity to apply for admission to enrol on voluntary terms. The total need of personnel should be managed by conscription.

    Proposed changes of the current manning system shall, according to the commission directive, be financed by existing budget for the military forces from 2016 till 2020. Related to planning of 4.000 persons ready to start basic military training, and the actual number of 2.500 volunteers, will be below strength in about 1.000 persons in 2017, even compared to calculated demands of 4.000 people. The Report suggests that the surplus budget in 2017 shall finance the added number of 1.000 people up to suggested 5.000 from 2020. During the next period (2021-2025), the Report has calculated the yearly need for personnel to 6.000 in year 2021, and 8.000 yearly from 2022 till 2025. According to the Report, these numbers of yearly additional persons, fitted for basic military training, will form a robust manning of the defence forces. However, this will cause a demand for supplementary budgetary means.

    A reserve of at least 23.000 military trained individuals is proposed. These individuals shall be placed for military service in eventual times of war.

    The actual average of the full time serving squad leaders, soldiers and sailors stay in service for four years. Contracts can be signed for twelve years. The report suggests an introduction of incentives intended to both recruit motivated individuals to voluntary apply for admission to enrol and to retain personnel. The proposed incentive is related to granting economic support for studies. The economic support is based on the number of years in service. The incentive is further aimed at facilitating a new career after an employment in the Swedish Armed Forces.

    The report puts forward that military units manned by conscripts can, after necessary political decisions, be put into operation within the framework of the Swedish Declaration of Solidarity provided the operation comprise the defence of Sweden.

    Swedish press reports that a definitive government decision should come by early 2017.

  2. #2
    Defense ProfessionalSenior Contributor tbm3fan's Avatar
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    01 Nov 09
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    This could be interesting. Given that Sweden's population now has a larger amount of immigrants from Iran, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria they would have males of conscription age if one were to be fair across the board.

  3. #3
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    05 Sep 06
    To discuss this seriously:

    Immigrants in Europe rarely get naturalized. At least that soon. Immigration to Sweden during last year mostly consisted of Syrians and Eritreans btw; Iraqis living in Sweden today overwhelmingly came around a dozen years ago due to the US invasion, Iranians during the 80s. As such, you'd likely see a number of Iranians and possibly - rarely - some Iraqis conscripted, but not really any Syrians.

    By experience though 2nd-generation immigrants tend to be a whole lot better at dodging, especially when they don't want to be there. The number of Turkish-German conscripts in the German Army was always pretty low for that reason despite naturalized and second-generation Turkish-Germans numbering around 2% of the German-national population. The percentage share of Turkish-German soldiers around the time I was in was probably somewhere around 0.5%.
    For scale for Sweden: the number of all middle-Eastern-born with Swedish nationality combined is probably around 1% of all Swedish nationals. I have my doubts they'll get more than two dozen ethnic middle-Eastern conscripts per year that way.

  4. #4
    Senior Contributor Doktor's Avatar
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    Zlatan Ibrahimovic and Milos Vranes sing "You're in the Army now" :sarcasm:
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  5. #5
    Senior Contributor Mihais's Avatar
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    15 Apr 08
    Quote Originally Posted by tbm3fan View Post
    This could be interesting. Given that Sweden's population now has a larger amount of immigrants from Iran, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria they would have males of conscription age if one were to be fair across the board.
    Plus they have combat experience and they're eager to show their love for the new country.
    Those who know don't speak
    He said to them, "But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don't have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. Luke 22:36

  6. #6
    Join Date
    30 Dec 16
    Quote Originally Posted by Mihais View Post
    Plus they have combat experience and they're eager to show their love for the new country.
    It doesn't work that way. My Vietnam War experience not only made my conscription invalid, it actually made me ineligible for even enlistment. They didn't want me. This, by the way, was before conscription was abolished.

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