November 9, 2009
China Pledges $10 Billion to African Nations
By MICHAEL WINES
BEIJING — China offered African governments a multibillion-dollar package of financial and technical assistance on Sunday, stepping up a courtship that already has gained Beijing wide access to oil and minerals across perhaps the most resource-rich continent in the world.
Prime Minister Wen Jiabao pledged to grant African countries $10 billion in low-interest development loans over the next three years, establish a $1 billion loan program for small and medium-size businesses, and forgive the remaining debt on certain interest-free loans that China has granted less-developed African nations in the past.
Mr. Wen made the pledge in an address to the Forum on African-China Cooperation, held in the Egyptian resort city of Sharm el-Sheikh. The $10 billion in new loans is double the amount China pledged at the last meeting in 2006. The debt forgiveness continues a series of annual loan cancellations that also extends to 2006.
Mr. Wen told officials of the 49 African nations in attendance that this year’s session “represents a new stage of development in relations with Africa.”
Besides the financial assistance, Mr. Wen also promised to form a partnership to address climate change in Africa, including building 100 clean-energy projects across the continent. Beijing will also remove tariffs on most exports to China from least-developed African nations that do not have diplomatic relations with Taiwan, and to sponsor an array of other programs in health, education, culture and agriculture.
The gestures are likely to further cement China’s good relations with many African nations, and may help address rising concern in some quarters that China is merely replacing Europe as a colonial power.
China’s focus on extracting oil and minerals from Africa has drawn some criticism from African scholars, and labor and safety conditions at some Chinese-run mines and smelters have sparked outcries by African workers. Some critics say the flood of low-cost Chinese goods into African cities have displaced products once made by local workers.
China has long offered low-interest loans to African nations, usually on condition that governments spend the money on Chinese-made goods or on projects built by Chinese companies. African governments have eagerly accepted the loans, in part because they are free of conditions that international and Western lenders often attach to loans, like improvements in governance.
One result is that China has become a major builder of Africa’s infrastructure, from railroads to highways to canals.
The loans and other overtures have turned China into one of Africa’s largest trading partners. Trade has soared from about $10 billion in 2000 to $106.8 billion last year; Chinese direct investment in Africa leaped 81 percent in the first six months of this year, to $552 million, the Commerce Ministry said.