This article is unfortunately outdated. In 2004, the Turkish Government enacted legislation which prevented off-the-shelf purchases of military hardware, unless there was either:
(1) Technology transfer and/or
(2) Co-production AND significant off-set by the incorporation of Turkish Industry.
Through this legislation Turkey aims to become a 100% self-sufficient armed foces by 2016. Currently, Turkey has achieved 40% self-sufficiency.
Projects such as the following are all Turkish Designed and/or Turkish Manufactured:
TAI F-16 - Licence production from Lockheed Martin, Some indegenous sub-systems
MILGEM Corvette - Indegenous
TF-2000 Destroyer - Indegenous
MRTP Corvettes- Indegenous
ALTAY Tank- Indegenous with technology transfer from South Korea
T-129 - Co-production with Agusta-Westland with full technology transfer
Type 214 Attack Submarines- Co-production with HWG, Indegenous Sub-systems
TIHA UCAV- Indegenous
Mehmetcik-1 Infantry rifle- Indegenous (with support from Heckler and Koch)
UMTAS Anti-Tank Missile- Indegenous
OMTAS Anti-Tank Missile- Indegenous
T-155 Fırtına 155mm self-propelled howitzer - Indegenously designed with assistance from South Korea
Cirit, short-range laser guided missile- Indegenous
ASELSAN KMS systems- Indegenous
Roketsan J-600T Yıldırım II SHORT RANGE BALISTIC MISSILE- Joint Project with Peoples Republic of China
Roketsan T-300 MLRS- Indegenous
TOROS 260A MLRS- Indegenous
APC's (FNSS and OTOKAR)- Indegenous
Thus, the best summary of Turkish Military procurement is as follows:
Those who provide technology transfer will win the Turkish tenders. Russia provides tecnology transfer whereas the Western suppliers do not. Hence, we cannot expect previous Western suppliers to continue to supply the Turkish Armed Forces with arms. Just only 5 years ago Turkey would be begging the US or Germany for Frigates or Tanks etc. Today, they just put orders to Turkish Industry! A country that could not purchase Frigates or Tanks yesterday, today is desigining its owns AAW destroyers (TF-2000) and Tanks. Why and How? Well the answer is simple. (1) No one tells you how to use your arms. (2) You have an endless supply of arms at hand when needed. All you have to do is increase production. No quotas to worry about. (3) Arms production is very lucrative business. Turkey intends to get a piece of this cake. Even if it means that it will be supplying the Arabs or African states.
Turkey was planning this for years, however, it did not have the finances to support R&D for Arms development. However, with the GDP (PPP) at $1 trillion +, the time is ripe for the modernization of the Turkish arms industry.