View Full Version : A Chronlogy Of The Ruling Parties In The World

08 May 04,, 08:43
You are invited to visit my website where you can find useful information about the history of party politics in the world. :biggrin:



This chronology contains the lists of the ruling parties of the countries in the world as well as the periods when they were in power. The regimes included in this chronology are confined to those which adopted a constitution or a modernised form of government. All ancient regimes and the few modern regimes with no constitution are excluded.

The "Ruling Parties" listed in this chronology refer to the political parties of the chiefs of state holding real powers. This may mean different posts under different political systems. Under the "Presidential System" (of which USA is a typical example), this refers to the President. Under the "Parliamentary Cabinet System" (of which Germany and Britain are typical examples), this refers to the Prime Minister, Premier or Chancellor. For those countries which adopt a "Semi-Presidential" type of political system (such as the Fifth French Republic, Finland ) or a political system under which the posts of President and Premier are occupied by different political groups (such as Serbia and Montenegro), the political parties of both the Presidents and the Premiers are listed. For those countries with a constitutional monarchical system or absolute monarchical system in which the monarch holds real political powers despite the presence of a prime minister or even a party cabinet, and thus the political parties forming the cabinet are not regarded as ruling parties in this case. Finally, for those countries that do not belong to any of the aforesaid political systems or that are undergoing political changes, the ruling parties are identified according to the particular situation.

There were often the cases when political parties formed coalition government. In this case, only the political party of the chief of state holding real powers is regarded as the ruling party. However, under particular situation when the coalition became an institution or a consensus of the whole nation, then the coalition will be regarded as the ruling party. In addition, there were also many cases in which the monarch, a royal member, an army officer or other non-party figures assumed the post of chief of state, or people from different parties acted as collective chiefs or chiefs of very short terms of office (less than a year). In these cases where it is difficult to identify the ruling party, the period concerned will be omitted from this chronology.


Northeast Asia
(including Mongolia-Siberia, Northeastern China, Northwestern China, Northern China, Southern China, Southwestern China, Korean Peninsula, Japan)

Southeast Asia
(including Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Siam, Burma, Malay Peninsula, Malay Archipelago)

Central-South Asia
(including East India, Himalayan States, North India, West India, Central India, South India, Islands on Eastern Indian Ocean, Central Asia, Iran)

West Asia
(including Georgia-Northern Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Asia Minor, Iraq, Syria-Palestine, Arabia, Gulf States, Yemen)

Northeast Europe
(including Russia, Baltic States, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary)

Southeast Europe
(including Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia-Albania, Greece-Macedonia)

Central-North Europe
(including Scandinavia, North Germany, South Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Northern Italy, Central Italy, Southern Italy)

West Europe
(including Low Countries, France, Iberia, British Isles)

Africa North
(including Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Somalia, Ethiopia, East Sudan, Central Sudan, Niger-Nigeria, West Sudan, Gulf of Guinea Region, Senegambia-Guinea)

Africa South
(including Great Lake Region, Congo-Angola, Zambesia-Mozambique, Southern Africa, Islands on Western Indian Ocean)

North America
(including USA-Canada, Mexico, Central America, Caribbean Region)

South America
(including Brazil-Guyana, Greater Colombia, Peru-Paraguay, Southern Cone Region)

(including Oceania)

List of One-Party Regimes

08 May 04,, 21:34
Looks interesting.

22 May 04,, 00:42
Looks interesting.
Thank you :biggrin: